Firewood storage sheds are designed specifically to keep firewood dry during a long, wet winter. For firewood to burn properly, it must first be seasoned and then remain dry. It is ideal to let the wood dry out before stacking, however, if that is not an option, you can construct a firewood shed that allows the wood to dry while stacked.
|In the United States firewood is measured/sold in cords, this measurement of firewood is 'that volume of round wood contained within a volume 4 feet x 4 feet x 8 feet'. Here in the UK it is sold by the trailer load. A much more random measure which depends upon how big the trailer is of the guy you buy from!|
A firewood storage shed needs to be located in an area convenient to the house. You will build far fewer fires if you have to tramp through mud and snow to the bottom of your garden for firewood. For ease of access, the shed needs to be located near the door. Adding a firewood shed to the garden increases convenience, because it keeps the wood clean, dry, and ready to burn.
An important aspect of firewood sheds are spaces for airflow. Wood stacked properly allows for airflow. A flow of air keeps the wood dry, and stops it from decaying into a giant compost heap before it can be used!
|The mono-pitch shed roof to this firewood shed keeps the rain off and allows a good airflow to help dry out the wood|
To ensure that air can flow around all sides of the stacked wood and that the bottom layer does not absorb moisture from the damp ground a raised floor should be incorporated if possible. The raised floor can simply be a recycled wood pallet or it could be a purpose made feature with slats.
In addition to airflow, firewood sheds need to keep water, dew and snow off the wood pile. The roof of the firewood shed should be slanted, so that water flows off the roof and does not leak onto the firewood below. Additionally, the ground around a firewood shed should slope slightly away from the shed so that water does not collect around the shed base after heavy rain.
|This shed keeps the firewood well protected and the raised base stops water from the ground getting the bottom part of the stack wet.|
Protection from outdoor elements should not come at a cost to airflow availability however. A balance between the two makes the most successful firewood shed.
Firewood sheds generally have three closed sides and one open side. This encourages airflow and keeps the wood dry. When orienting your firewood shed in you garden, it is important to keep the open side of the shed facing away from prevailing weather, to protect against wind-driven rain. Additionally, the roof should slope toward the back (closed end) of the firewood storage shed. Wood dries out through the cut end-grain, so stack the wood with the ends facing out. A shed with good protection from the weather and proper airflow will ensure easy fire building during the winter months.
|The clear plastic roof to this frewood storage shed allows the sun to heat the wood which accelerates the seasoning and also keeps the rain off.|
Make room in your firewood storage shed for a small hand-cart made especially for transporting firewood. Unlike traditional hand carts, these carts have a u-shaped frame for stacking the logs within. The best carts have two wheels and two legs, and are tipped toward the body when rolling the cart. If you burn a lot of firewood, a special firewood cart makes having that real log fire much more convenient.